Author: Vincent Ruan
The Great Wall of China, one of the most awe-inspiring man-made projects in the world, lies across the northern part of China like a great sleeping dragon, winding its way through China’s vast northern territory. With a history of over 2,500 years, the Great Wall attracts visitors from all over the world. In 1987, the Great Wall was listed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List. The Great Wall of China was selected as one of the new Seven Wonders of the World in a global poll announced on July 7, 2007. It is often said “If you haven’t climbed the Great Wall, you haven’t seen China.” Most people in the world have seen photos of The Great Wall, but photos are but poor imitations of the beauty and grandeur that is China’s Great Wall. No China tour is complete without seeing the Great Wall. Visiting it is the experience of lifetime.
The legend of Meng Jiangnu bringing down a section of the Great Wall with her tears
Many legends have survived about the construction of the Great Wall. Among them, the most popular is the story about Lady Meng Jiangnu.
On the night of their wedding, Meng Jiangnu’s husband was conscribed to work on the Great Wall by the Qin soldiers. Before he went away, Lady Meng broke her white jade hairpin in two and gave her husband one half as a token of love. One day, lady Meng dreamed that her husband was constantly yelling “Cold, cold”. She recalled that her husband was wearing very thin clothes. She made some padded clothes for her husband and left home to look for her husband. She didn’t realize that her husband had already died of exhaustion. Upon hearing this, she burst into tears. The Great Wall was moved and more than 20 Kilometers collapsed, revealing the body of her husband and many others. On seeing this, she committed suicide by jumping into the sea. A temple can be found at Shanhai Pass near the sea in memory of this loyal lady.
A statue of Meng Jiangnu at Shanhai Pass
The statue of Meng Jiangnu is eternally looking for her husband
Sections of the Great Wall
The Great Wall Near Beijing
Factors, such as season, accessibility, safety, health condition, should be taken into account when visiting the Great Wall. The view as you climb to the top is stunning. Badaling and Juyong Pass is the most visited and most easily accessible part of the Wall. The section between Jinshanling and Simatai requires more physical stamina to climb. The scenery of Mutianyu Great Wall is extremely beautiful in autumn when the trees covering the mountainsides have turned golden.
Badaling Great Wall
The best-preserved and most imposing section of the Great Wall is at Badaling, which is located 72 kilometers (45 miles) away at the northwest of Beijing. In Chinese, ‘Bada’ means ‘giving access to every direction’. The name itself suggests its strategic importance. This section is made of large blue bricks. The wall has an average height of 7 meters (24 feet) and a width of 6 meters (19 feet) at the bottom, and 5 meters (16 feet) at the top. It is wide enough to allow ten soldiers to march side by side along the wall. The highest point here is more than 731 meters (2,400 feet) above sea level.
Badaling, the most visited site of The Great Wall nearby Beijing
The Badaling Section is one of the most picturesque locations on The Great Wall
Mutianyu Great Wall
Suggested Beijing tours including Mutianyu Great Wall
Mutianyu Great Wall is located 70kilometers (43 miles) from the center of Beijing. It is much steeper than Badaling Great Wall, and a more challenging climb. This section, older than Badaling, is considered by Chinese and foreign tourists as the best part of the Great Wall. There are fewer people here because the location is less accessible than Badaling. Surrounded by woodland and streams, this section takes on a different look in each season. Blossoming flowers in spring, flowing streams in summer, red leaves in autumn and white snow in winter make this one of the Great Walls most photographic spots.
A guard tower stands quiet sentry over the surrounding hills
The Mutianyu Section of the Great Wall
Simatai Great Wall
The Simatai Great Wall is located 120 kilometers (74 miles) from Beijing. It is often described with the following three words: perilous, diverse, and peculiar. This section has not been restored as much as Badaling and much of the section is in a state of ruin with exposed bricks and the ruins of watch towers. A famous specialist of Great Wall history has stated: “The Great Wall is the best of the Chinese buildings, and Simatai Section is the best of the Great Wall.” This section has been named as one of the most “excellent cultural relics of the world” by UNESCO.
Steep climbing at the Simatai Section of The Great Wall
The Simatai Section of The Great Wall has not been restored
Jinshanling Great Wall
Suggested Beijing tours including hiking route of Jinshanling-Simatai Great Wall
The Jinshanling Great Wall is located 140 kilometers (87 miles) northeast of Beijing. It features complicated and well preserved fortification systems. The walls are more solid, the watchtowers are taller and it retains its original Ming Dynasty appearance. Here you can see the Wall relatively undisturbed and in its original condition. The wall follows the contours of the mountains, and stretches off into the distance. The wall has not been restored, so it has a special beauty. It is the section that foreign visitors like the most.
The Jinshanling Section of The Great Wall follows the mountain’s contours
The Jinshanling Section is unrestored and a challenge to visitors
The Shanhaiguan Great Wall, locates at Qinhuangdao which is in Hebei Province, is the east starting point of the Great Wall. It was first built in 1381 in Ming dynasty. It has the reputation of “the first pass in the world”. The walls are 14 meters tall and 7 meters thick. It has very complete defense system. Standing on the Great Wall can command a panoramic view of the grand ocean and the winding Great Wall. This section is known as the Old Dragon’s Head because it is the easternmost end of the Great Wall.
The Old Dragon’s Head in Hebei Province
The First Gate Under Heave in the Shanhai Pass
You can visit http://www.chinaodysseytours.com to get more information about the Great Wall.
About the Author
China Odyssey Tours – A China-based company provides tour packages for family, couple, individual & group. Help you plan & organize your tour to China according to your preferences.