Spend six days traversing the famed Golden Triangle of Delhi, Agra and Jaipur. Explore the sites of hectic Delhi and onto Agra to marvel at the majestic Taj Mahal, one of the Seven Wonders of the World and one of the most recognizable structures on the planet. Visit Fatephur Sikri, the ‘Deserted City’ of red sandstone, the Amber Fort and the sites of Jaipur—all await you in the frenzy of culture and history that makes up India’s Golden Triangle.
Travel India – Taj Mahal
By: Aashi Khattar
Taj Mahal, the monument of immeasurable beauty is one of the modern Seven Wonders of the World. It is considered one of the most beautiful buildings in the world and considered the finest example of Mughal architecture.
The Mughal emperor Shah Jahan got this monument constructed in the memory of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The thoughts that come into the mind while watching the Taj Mahal of Agra is not just its phenomenal beauty, but the immense love which was the reason behind its construction. Standing majestically on the banks of River Yamuna, the Taj Mahal is synonymous with love and romance. The entire complex, with gardens, gateway structures, and mosque, was completed in 1653, which took almost 22 years to complete.
History of Taj Mahal
The Taj Mahal was built by the fifth Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in the memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal.she died while giving birth to their 14th child. It is believed that during her last moments, Mumtaz Mahal obtained a promise from Shah Jahan that he will build world’s most beautiful monument in her memory. Taj Mahal symbolizes eternal love of a man for his wife. The body of the queen was buried temporarily in the Zainabadi Garden in Burhanpur and moved to Agra after six months.
The land on which the Taj Mahal was built was acquired from Raja Jai Singh. The construction began in 1631 AD and completed in 22 years. 20,000 labors and artisans were employed for the work. The material for the mausoleum was brought from all over India and central Asia. Taj Mahal was designed by the Iranian architect Ustad Isa.
Soon after the Taj Mahal’s completion, Shah Jahan was deposed by his son Aurangzeb and put under house arrest at nearby Agra Fort. Upon Shah Jahan’s death, Aurangzeb buried him in the mausoluem next to his wife.
Architecture of Taj Mahal
Taj Mahal architecture is a kind of fusion of Persian, Central Asian and Islamic architecture. The Taj Mahal is situated 900 ft away from the entrance gate. The tomb is built over a marble plinth, which rests over a high sandstone base. And there are four tapering minarets on the four corners of the marble plinth flank the tomb. The minarets height is of 138 ft and is crowned by with eight windowed cupolas over the marble plinth.
The main building is built of marble and is square in plan with chamfered corners. Each side of the corner has an iwan adorned with calligraphy. There are small rectangular double arches one over the other on both sides of the iwan. The arched alcoves of equal sizes are semi-octagonal. The pilasters demark each section of the façade on both side, which rises from plinth of the tomb up to the frieze and are topped by beautiful pinnacles with lotus buds and finials. A shadowy burial crypt inside the Taj Mahal houses the tombs of Shah Jahan and his wife Mumtaz Mahal. Above these tombs is the main chamber that has the false tombs, typical of mausoleums of the Mughals. Perforated marble screens were used to transmit light into the central chamber.
Excursions from Taj Mahal
Delhi, known locally as Dilli several dynasties that have ruled from Delhi have left their marks all over the city. Today it is the capital of India and a metropolis bustling with activity. There are numerous tourist attractions in Delhi. The Red Fort, Qutb Minar, Humayun’s tomb, and the old fort are among the well known historic monuments of Delhi. The India gate, Raj path, Rashtrapati Bhawan, and the parliament house are the other famous landmarks of the city. Besides, you will also have a chance to visit the museums, mosques, temples, and famous markets of the city on a tour to Delhi from Agra. Many ethnic groups and cultures are represented in Delhi, making it a cosmopolitan city. The street food and the culture are also famous.delhi is also well known for its shopping.
Mathura is the birthplace of lord Krishna, one of the most popular Indian deities. It is located on the west bank of Yamuna River about 62 kms North West of Agra. Matura is famous for the Hindu heritage. The main attraction of this ancient city is the room inside the Sri Krishna Janmabhumi temple which is regarded as the exact birthplace of lord Krishna. The 25 ghats of Mathura are also among its chief attractions. These are the sites of the holy baths and the daily rituals of the Hindus. Besides being home to countless temples and Hindu religious spots, Mathura is also known for the magnificent Jami Masjid, and a roman catholic church, the church of the sacred heart. If some one is visiting Mathura, the government museum is an unavoidable spot. This place used to be a great center of Buddhism under the Kushanas. The famous headless statue of Kanishka is displayed in this museum.
About the Author
Aashi Khattar from Taj Mahal Tour writes about Taj Mahal of India “a monument of immeasurable beauty”. The thoughts that come into the mind while watching the Taj Mahal of Agra is not just its phenomenal beauty, but the immense love which was the reason behind its making.
(ArticlesBase SC #2451885)