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Machu Picchu One Of The 7 Wonders Of The World
Machu Picchu was elected of the New Seven Wonders of the World on July, 2007. Only one of the ancient wonders of the world still survives — now history lovers are being invited to choose a new list of seven. Among 20 locations short listed for the worldwide vote is Machu Picchu, the only Peruvian landmark selected.
Built in the 1460s and abandoned for three centuries after the Spanish conquest, Machu Picchu, or “Old Peak” in the Quechua language, was rediscovered by U.S. archeologist Hiram Bingham in 1911. Machu Picchu is wonderful and incomparable, not only for its unique architecture. The natural beauty is astounding.
Peru is known the world over because of Cusco, and Cusco is known for Machu Picchu. This Inka citadel, with its incomparable beauty and spiritual force that emanates from the archaeological remains, is privileged to form part of that select group of world-class monuments that millions of travelers from five continents dream of visiting. Any attempt to explain what lies behind the enchantment of Machu Picchu World is in vain. Beauty cannot be explained. You have to Experience it you own way. But we all agree that the Inkas greatest achievement was to choose such a unique site and craft an architecture that blends in so well with nature.
In July 1911, an American scientific expedition led by Hiram Bingham hiked into the Urubamba River canyon, a balmy, damp, region of thick jungle. The wild, rugged landscapes, riddled with soaring distant peaks and dizzying cliffs that plunge down to the foaming rapids of the river below, left the expedition members speechless. But Bingham was obsessed with finding the real Tampu t’occo. The legendary city of the first Inkas described in accounts by early Spanish historians. The explorer refused to accept the insignificant Tampu t’occo ruins just 30 km from Cusco were the origins of the founders of the Tawantinsuyo, the Inka Empire.
That rainy morning of July 24, after a tough scramble up a hill known by the locals as Machu Picchu, Bingham stumbled across an extraordinary complex of ruins hidden by weeds. He was convinced he had found the lost capital of the Inkas. He could never have dreamed that instead of solving one mystery, he was to help create another which has had researchers baffled throughout the twentieth century.
If this citadel, which featured stone constructions that rivaled Cusco, was not Tampu t’occo, as the first studies by archaeologists and historians proved, what was it? Why the chroniclers did did not mention this marvel of Inka architecture that seemed more the work of winged gods than Man? The failure of modern science to come up with answers to these questions merely added fuel to the mystery, which has spawned some of the most imaginative theories that have drawn a dense veil of secrecy over the origins of Machu Picchu.
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